MNWJ PERSONAL REFLECTION
Working as a group on the news website was an exciting experience and I got to learn a lot of new coding styles. I also improved my curating style, interviewing skills, audio skills, research and writing skills. On the website I worked on the welcome message, the interviewing of Dr Val and MEP Afzal Khan, the audio, the video, the statistics and graph on the Homelessness story, the read more on the homelessness article as well as the social media. I also helped with the coding of the website. During the vox pops it was very interesting to see different but similar views from the public regarding the homelessness situation. In completing the website on time, we met every Tuesday and Thursday during the Easter holiday.
According to spritz web solution, a good website should have good use of color, text that can be easily read, quality photography and simplicity. A website should also be functional and error free as it will be in the eyes of the public. A good website should also have fast loading pages, minimal scroll, consistent layout, prominent logical navigation, descriptive link text, cross-platform/browser compatibility and screen resolution. A good search engine optimization is very important so that the website is easily located hence the use of hyperlinks. Our website has most of these qualities.
Creating the website came with its challenges. Some of the challenges I and Prang encountered include being turned down at the initial stage of the vox pop before Shiffa joined us however we refused to give up. Bad weather, getting statistics and finally making sense of the statistics were also some of the challenges we encountered. When we were conducting the vox pop, we struggled to understand the accent of the of the public and there was a lot of construction work and traffic noise and street music at the town center so we had to put the recorder very close to the mouth of the interviewees which made them a little uncomfortable. Due to bad audio, I had to add caption to one of the shots of the video. As a way to show how nationalism, we planned to have an audio of our biography in our native languages however due to time constraints we could not accomplish that. It was also hard to find statistics regarding the homeless and rough sleepers so I had to make use of one that had the whole of England. In order for it to make any sense in relation to our story, I picked a couple of cities within Manchester to show the increase and decrease of the homeless and rough sleepers over a period of 5 years.
In the future, to improve the website, I would add more captions to the video and upload it to social media for easier understanding even in a public place with no earphones or headphones. I would also like to make the pictures have a full screen resolution so that the reader can be able to have a clearer vision of the images.
I like the independent journalists blog because I one day aspire to be a freelancer as well as own a media house. I also like the blog’s content. The content of the blog is all about the experiences of different free-lance journalists. It incorporates other news stories as well. It also creates an avenue for freelance journalists to network with one another. It is a collaborative blog where freelance journalists can share resources and benefits. The blog belonging to the society of professional journalists (SPJ) invites different journalists across different works of life as guest bloggers to share their thoughts and professional views on various topics ranging from network and support for freelancers to interviews and support for music journalists.
The index page of the blog has a one-page content however, there is a horizontal lining between when a blog ends and another one begins. The blogs are not categorized. The headers are in a different colour and font making it easy to identify the beginning of a new blog, the font of the content is also legible aiding the visual reading of the blog. The contents are also not long, they are concise and straight to the point. This makes the blogs easy to read as they do not appear bulky. The date of the publication is written under the header. The pictures of the different authors are placed at the top right hand corner of the blog under their blogs. On the right hand corner of the blog, there are tweets, links to their categorized stories, blog archives and meta where people can see the HTML validator as well as a login point and WordPress. There is also a short mission statement of the SPJ with links to the full statements and links to becoming a member. There are hyperlinks to some of the bloggers taking the reader to their websites and social media pages. For some of the bloggers their social media platforms are embedded into the blog. At the bottom, there is a hyperlink to the official website of SPJ, their social media platform, other stories on the blog, their members, missions and resources. They also have a disclaimer the end of the page.
The overall background colour is a very light green, the content page is white with black fonts making it appear as a professional blog, the first header is written in white with large fonts on an orange and black background however, the background colour, header colour and font colour changes with the navigation. All the other headings are written in orange. The name of the authors are written in black while the tweets and hyperlinks are in blue and orange respectively.
There are four navigation points on the index page of the blog classified as National Blogs, Regional Blogs, SPJ.org and @SPJ_Tweets and they are interlinked into each other making the navigation easy although I think it is a little difficult to identify because the headers catch the attention of the readers first.SPJ Blog
This blog by Ed Walker is a blog I can relate to as a student and as an aspiring professional journalist. The blog addresses the issues journalists face on a daily basis and the things all journalists should know. The blog is not collaborative however, the information provided are very detailed and useful. There is no use of picture, audio or video which is not a very good thing for writing for the web. A web should have audio and visual aid which this blog doesn’t have.
The language is very simple and conversational. He does not use very colloquial words which sometimes makes a blog too professional, the blog is written more as a feature blog than as a hard news blog. The header which is the author’s name is linked into all the pages, the name of the author is hyperlinked and it always takes the reader to the home page whenever it is clicked. The blog has many hyperlinks embedded into the stories. Some of the hyperlinks include the Malicious Communications Act, Article about Wokingham’s Road issue, the schools he attended and the places he has worked which include Trinity mirror. On the right hand side of the page, there are links to his recent posts, recent comments, archives from 2008 to 2011, categories and the Meta page. All these are repeated at the bottom of the page with no disclaimer. Also on the right hand side of the page there is a hidden icon which states follow. The readers can type in their email and signup to follow Ed Walker. The blog is created with WordPress. The readers have the opportunity to share the posts via twitter, Facebook and google+, other than this there is minimal use of social media or user-generated contents. Readers can follow Ed through his Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn and Flickr accounts respectively. His readers can also contact him by email. He also has a content starter kit for local bloggers. The contact me page could have looked better with the social media badges than just with words which are linked into the page. The articles are very short and there are linked for the reader to click on to read the full story.
The blog has four navigation pages which include the home page, best of page, about page and contact page which are interlinked into each other making the navigation from page to page easy. The navigation in right after the header which has the name of the author and who he is. The readers can only comment on the best of page at the very end of the article which is not a conventional way of many blogs where readers can make their comments at the end of each article posted. The readers can also only like the articles there is no dislike button.
The background is white with black fonts. There is really no design to the blog except for the header picture which gives the blog a bit of colour. The end of the page however, is black with yellow fonts. The headers are all written in bold black. Using WordPress might have been a limitation to what the author could do to his blog because it is not self-coded.Ed Walker
WOMEN IN RELIGION
According to church growth experts, there are more women in every kind of church than men and the traditional explanation for this is that women are more spiritual than men and industrialization. The new age movement also suggests that the church’s music, messages and ministries cater to women yet a huge number of senior pastors are men. Evangelical pollster George Barna described women as the backbone of every Christian congregation. The feminization of the church theory explains that men are more impacted than women by the increasing pressure on people to seek professional advancement. Nancy Pearcey, the author of Total Truth: Liberating Christianity from Its Cultural Captivity said that religion came to be seen as for women and children and not as relevant to the “real” world of business, politics and academia due to industrialization. This website aims to offer more understanding of the involvement of women in religious activities. This article will be brokenn down into three (3) parts; the role of women in the church, society, modernity and the feminization of the church and women and technology.
THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN THE CHURCH
Women are a very active part of the church, they have lots of roles and responsibility within the church however, differnt denominations have different ideas of what a woman should be allowed to do without excercising full authority over a man using the Epistle of Paul as a justification. Clement of Alexandria once said that, "Many women have received power through the grace of God and have performed many deeds of manly valor”. On the other hand, Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo Regius belives that women do not possess the gift of God only when she is together with a man. According to him, a woman is designed as a help mate which is a duty for her alone as the man is in himself the image of God.
Pope Francis instituted a commission to examine role of female deacons in the Catholic Church, a movement he believed will be beneficial to the church. This move came as a result of complaints from Advocates of women serving as deacons stating that they are under-represented in the Church's hierarchy and decision-making processes. However, the pope said that he did not see women becoming priests, a motion that was once rejected by Pope John Paul the second in 1994.
According to James O. Baird, an author, there is a great deal of confusion today as to women's roles both in the home and in the church hence. Biblically, it is stated that the role of a woman includes bringing up children, showing hospitality to strangers, washing of the saint’s feet, relieving the afflicted and diligently following every good work. The leader of the King’s Church evening site, Lukundo, said that she feels that women in the church should be bold enough to do whatsoever that they feel God has called them to do irrespective of their gender as that will be their role. She said there is a tension between what God has called them to do and the space that they have to do it based on culture. She also spoke about what she thinks about women being allowed to preach. She encourages all women not be bitter at their spouses but should be patient as we are all on a journey to more revelation and discovery.
Lunkndo spoke about the challenges women face within the context of the church.
She also spoke on women leadership
Pastor Joeseph Taiwo, the Senior Pastor of New Life Gospel Church, said that what the bible meant by women should not preach is that women ought not to excercise authority over men. He said, "Saying a woman should not preach is like saying they should not evangelise or talk to people about Christ". According to him, Wome should be nder the authority and leadership of men because they are weaker vessels.
He spoke on his other reasons why women should be under the leadership of men and what he feels are the role of women within any church community.
The society views not allowing women to preach as chauvinism or discrimination however, many different churches and religious organizations have different doctrines to back this believe in accordance to their interpretation of the bible passage that states that, “But I do not allow a woman to teach or exercise authority over a man, but remain quiet. For it was Adam who was first created, and then Eve. And it was not Adam who was deceived, but the woman being quite deceived, fell into transgression” 1Timothy 2:12-14. According to John Piper, Chancellor of Bethlehem College and Seminary, the bible draws a distinction between the church and the home. He said, “At home men are proving their fitness to be elders (pastors), and at church they are the ones who are given that role”. He views teaching and exercising authority as the role of elders which automatically are men however he is of the opinion that it’s not a problem for a woman to minister in hundreds of ways in the church, but the office of leadership and teaching of men is preserved for spiritual and godly men.
There are many objections to this view of women in pastoral ministries. One of the most common theory of this is that Paul the author of the scripture mentioned above was only reacting against the female-led customs of the Ephesian idolaters, and the church needed to be different which meant that Paul only restricted the women of Ephesus from teaching men. In his letter to the Galatians, Paul described the Christian faith as one in which distinctions of race, social status and gender do not apply. He said, “There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave or free, there is neither male or female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus” Galatians 3:28. Another objection is that Paul was referring to husbands and wives and not men and women generally.
Another reason for justifying the fact that women should not be pastors is the fact that at the time of creation Eve was easily deceived which in turn led to the downfall of Adam. The scripture above justifies the fact that God chose to give men the authority over women because women are more easily deceived yet they are left to care for their children who are also more susceptible to deception as well as their husbands. The author, Claire Drury, once said that attitudes to the position of women in Christianity depends first on which biblical texts one chooses, then on how one reads the bible and how much weight is given to the contexts in which it was written. With the ever increasing fight for gender equality and the rise in western modernity, Christian women have begun to assert their right to equality inside the church as well as in secular life as is the case with catholic nuns who called on the pope to appoint them as deaconesses in the church in other for them to be able to do so much more than they are already doing. According to Clare, some modern scholars have recognized that many of the most influential ideas about women in the church have come from celibate male writers whose fears about their own sexuality were projected on to women thereby projecting a negative stereotype towards women hence, keeping them at a safe distance and in a secondary position within the church.
Members of the public have varying opinions regarding women leadership in the church. Supporters of women leadership in the church said that women are more organized and passionate in everything they set their minds to do. They also said that women are more principled and serious minded and that women are better managers considering that they are an integral part of the church community. On the other side of the fence are the critics of women leadership in the church who believe that men are more superior to women hence the need for them to lead men in every area of society. They also feel that women are not patient and that women make quick decisions and can be extremely sensitive to issues. Some people simply do not care who leads in any religious setting. The public also said that allowing women to become leaders in the church will make them more dedicated in doing God's work and no one understands a woman better than another woman. Oladunni, a postgraduate student of social care is of the opinion that women should not be active leaders in the church because it requires dedication and commitment. She said that women already have so many responsibilities in the home to take care of and adding to their portfolio only leaves them feeling overly stressed. On the other hand, Godwin A, also a postgraduate student has a contrary opinion. According to him, Ability is not defined on the basis of Gender. He said, “All genders are endowed with leadership skills or have dispositions to acquire, learn and develop to be leaders”.
Graph Showing the public opinion
TOTAL NUMER= 100
Women have very important and specific roles within the church. They can be leaders however, in many christian denominations, women will still be limited with regards to how far they can go in reaching their full potential without having authority over the men. There are many women bishops who have authority over men within pentecostal churches however the answer to how right or wrong that is remains with individuals and the church.
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